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Fallacies & Facts

Ever wonder how people seem to be able to win arguments without actually providing proof or contributing to the argument in a meaning full way. It is most-likely a result of the over use of fallacies!

Common Fallacies:

Ad Hominem Fallacy

Ad Hominem is when someone uses a personal attack as an argument.

Straw Man

In the straw man fallacy, someone attacks a position the opponent doesn’t really hold.

Appeal to Ignorance — (argumentum ad ignorantiam)

Appeal to Ignorance is when someone disproves an argument by claiming that because something has not yet been disproven that it is the case.

Ignorance isn’t proof of anything except that one doesn’t know something.

False Dilemma/False Dichotomy

False Dilemmas are arguments based off a limited and controlled number of options.

Slippery Slope

Slippery Slope fallacies are arguments based off a series of cases that are ridicules or even unconnected.

Circular Argument

When a person’s argument is just repeating what they already assumed beforehand, it’s not arriving at any new conclusion.

Hasty Generalization

Hasty Generalization fallacies are arguments that are based of general statements without sufficient evidence to support them.

Red Herring

This occurs when someone makes a statement that is mean to distract the argument away from the topic in focus.

Overly Technical (Argument by Gibberish)

This is an argument that is easily overlooked in professions. Argument points that are made from an expectation that is filled with too many foreign technical jargon to an audience it a fallacy. This is because it alienates the audience from thinking for themselves or contributing to the argument/point.

What About Facts?

Facts came come from just about anywhere. But the ones that are typically credible are the ones that come from a accredited institution. They are also statements or claims that can be found from other credible sources collaborating the claim or statement.

If you find a statistic stating that there are 7.5 billion people in the world today from a credible source and then form a quick Google search find that ~ 7,577,130,400 people are alive today, 2019. Then it is safe to say that there are ~7.5 billion people alive in 2019.

Credible arguments don’t have the need to use fallacies and can leave a solid impression of legitimacy because of their backing.

If a statement has an abstracted source, a source of an article citing the original source, or don’t list a source at all , it is safe to say that the statement isn’t credible.



Knowing this now you’re bound to see them all over the internet, especially social media. Good luck on Facebook now!



Credit:

Most of these videos were found from thebestschools.org I have rewritten them for the sake of simplification and convenience. Most of the credit from this page should be given to David Ferrer for his beautifully written article.

Published inRhetoric of Science and the Public

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